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Archive of online issues of the Memory Studies journal.


Comprehensive link to further reading on memory.


Article from Die Zeit about Germany’s problematic remembrance of the GDR.


Portal which looks at Germany’s division and reunification through contact with eyewitnesses from the GDR, teaching materials and links to sites of memory and remembrance.


Series of podcasts from the Centre for Memory Studies, University of Warwick.

German only:


Aleida Assmann’s ‘Soziales und kollektives Gedächtnis’, looking at social and collective memory, official and unofficial memory, and how memory relates to identity.


Lars-Holger Thümmler, ‘Der Wandel im Umgang mit den Kriegerdenkmälern in den östlichen Bundesländern Deutschlands seit 1990‘, in Jahrbuch für Pädagogik 2003, ed. by Hans-Jochen Gamm and Wolfgang Keim (Peter Lang: Frankfurt am Main, 2003)


Andreas Soller, ‘Erinnerungsorte in der Massenkultur’ (doctoral thesis, Fachhochschule Vorarlberg, 2004)


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Secondary Literature on Memory


Printable PDF-version of the bibliography



Assmann, Aleida, Der lange Schatten der Vergangenheit: Erinnerungskultur und Geschichtspolitik (Munich: C. H. Beck, 2006)

Assmann, Jan, ‘Collective Memory and Cultural Identity’, New German Critique, 65 (1995) 125-33

Bal, Mieke, Jonathan Crewe and Leo Spitzer, eds, Act of Memory: Cultural Recall in the Present (Hanover, NH: University Press of New England, 1999)

Confino, Alon, ‘Collective Memory and Cultural History: Problems of Method’, The American Historical Review, 102 (1997) 5, 1386-403

Connerton, Paul, How Societies Remember (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989)

Crawford, June, Emotion and gender: constructing meaning from memory (London: Sage, 1992)

Erll, Astrid, Kollektives Gedächtnis und Erinnerungskulturen (Stuttgart: J. B. Metzler, 2004)

Halbwachs, Maurice, On Collective Memory, ed. and trans. by Lewis A. Coser (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1992)

Hanley, Lynne, Writing war: fiction, gender and memory (Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1991)

Hirsch, Marianne, and Valerie Smith, ‘Gender and Cultural Memory’, Signs, 28 (2002) 1, 1-19

Hodgkin, Katherine, and Susan Radstone, eds, Contested Pasts: The Politics of Memory (London: Routeledge, 2003)

—— Memory, history, nation: contested pasts (London: Transaction, 2006)

—— Regimes of Memory (London: Routeledge, 2003)

Huyssen, Andreas, Twilight Memories: Marking Time in a Culture of Amnesia (London: Routeledge, 1995)

Irwin-Zarecka, Iwona, Frames of Remembrance: Social and Cultural Dynamics of Collective Memory (London: Transaction, 1993)

Johnson, Nuala C., ‘Public Memory’, in A Companion to Cultural Geography, ed. by James S. Duncan, Nuala C. Johnson and Richard H. Schein (Malden, MA: Blackwell, 2007)

Johnson, Richard, et al., Making Histories: Studies in History-Writing and Politics (London: Hutchinson, 1982), particularly pp. 205-252.

Le Goff, Jacques, History and Memory (New York: Columbia University Press, 1992)

Leydesdorff, Selma, Luisa Passerini, and Paul Richard Thompson, eds, Gender and Memory (London: Transaction, 2007)

Nora, Pierre, Realms of Memory (New York: Columbia University Press, 1996-8)

—— ‘Between Memory and History: Les Lieux de Memoire’, Representations, 26 (1989) 7-25

Nünning, Ansgar, Marion Gymnich, and Roy Sommer, eds, Literature and Memory: Theoretical Paradigms-Genres-Functions (Tübingen: Franke, 2006)

Olik, Jeffrey K., ‘Genre Memories and Memory Genres: A Dialogical Analysis of May 8 1945 Commemorations in the Federal Republic of Germany’, American Sociological Review, 64:3 (1999), 381-402

Paletschek, Sylvia, and Sylvia Schraut, eds, The Gender of Memory: Cultural Remembrance in Nineteenth- and Twentieth-Century Europe (Frankfurt: Campus, 2008)

Radstone, Susannah, ‘Memory Studies: For and Against’, Memory Studies, 1(1) (2008), 31-39

—— Memory and Methodology (Oxford: Berg, 2000)

Samuel, Raphael, Theatres of Memory (London: Verso, 1994)

Till, Karen E., ‘Places of Memory’, in A Companion to Political Geography, ed. by John Agnew, Katharyne Mitchell and Gerard Toal (Malden, MA: Blackwell, 2007)

Yuval-Davis, Nira, Gender and Nation (London: Sage, 1997)

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Bach, Jonathan, ‘“The Taste Remains”: Consumption, (N)ostalgia, and the Production of East Germany’, Public Culture, 14 (2002) 3, 545-56

Balbier, Uta A., Cristina Cuevas-Wolf and Joes Segal (eds), East German Material Culture and the Power of Memory, Bulletin of the German Historical Institute, 2011, Supplement

Berdahl, Daphne, ‘(N)Ostalgie for the present: Memory, longing, and East German things’, Ethnos, 64 (1999) 2, 192-211

Betts, Paul, ‘The Twilight of the Idols: East German Memory and Material Culture’, The Journal of Modern History, 72 (2000) 3, 731-65

Bisky, Jens, ‘Zonensucht: Kritik der neuen Ostalgie‘, Merkur: Deutsche Zeitschrift für Europäisches Denken, 58 (2004) 2, 117-27

Blum, Martin, ‘Club Cola and Co.: Ostalgie, material culture and identity’, in Transformations of the New Germany, ed. by Ruth A. Starkman (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006) 

—— ‘Remaking the East German Past: Ostalgie, Identity, Material Culture’, Journal of Popular Culture, 34 (2000) 3, 229-53

Boyer, Dominic, ‘Ostalgie and the Politics of the Future in Eastern Germany’, Public Culture, 18 (2006) 2, 361-81

Clarke, David and Ute Wölfel (eds), Remembering the German Democratic Republic: Divided Memory in a United Germany (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011)

Duckenfield, Mark, and Noel Calhoun, ‘Invasion of the Western Ampelmännchen’, German Politics, 6 (1997) 3, 54-69

Emmerich, Wolfgang, ‘Cultural Memory East v. West: Is What Belongs Together Really Growing Together?’, Oxford German Studies, 38 (2009) 3, 242-53

Etienne, François and Hagen Schulze, eds, Deutsche Erinnerungsorte: Eine Auswahl (Munich, C. H. Beck, 2005)

Gallinat, Anselma, ‘Intense Paradoxes of Memory: Researching Moral Questions About Remembering the GDR’, History and Anthropology, 20 (2009) 2, 183-99

Hermand, Jost, and Marc Silberman, eds, Contentious Memories: Looking Back at the GDR (New York: P. Lang, 1998)

Hodgin, Nick and Caroline Pearce (eds), The GDR Remembered: Representations of the East German State Since 1989 (Rochester, NY: Camden House, 2011)

Jaeger, Dagmar, ‘‘Only in the 1990s Did I Become East German’: A Conversation with Ingo Schulze about Remembering the GDR, Simple Storys, and 33 Moments of Happiness; with an Introduction to His Work’, New German Critique: An Interdisciplinary Journal of German Studies, 101 (2007) 143-55

Jordan, Jennifer A., ‘A Matter of Time: Examining Collective Memory in Historical Perspective in Postwar Berlin’, Journal of Historical Sociology, 18 (2005) 1-2, 37-71

Koshar, Rudy, From Monuments to Traces: Artifacts of German Memory, 1870-1990 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2000)

Leeder, Karen (ed.), From Stasiland to Ostalgie: The GDR Twenty Years After, Oxford German Studies, 38 (2009) 3

Loshitsky, Yosefa, ‘Inverting Images of the 40s: The Berlin Wall and Collective Amnesia’, Journal of Communication, 45 (1995) 2, 93-107

Marven, Lyn, ‘“Souvenirs de Berlin-Est”: History, Photos, and Form in Texts by Daniela Dahn, Irina Liebmann, and Sophie Calle’, Seminar: A Journal of Germanic Studies, 43 (2007) 2, 220-33

Rechtien, Renate, ‘Cityscapes of the German Democratic Republic – An Interdisciplinary Approach: Introduction’, German Life and Letters, 63 (2010) 4, 369-74

Rechtien, Renate and Dennis Tate (eds), Twenty Years On: Competing Memories of the GDR in Postunification German Culture (Rochester, NY: Camden House, 2011)

Rudnick, Carola S., Die andere Hälfte der Erinnerung: Die DDR in der deutschen Geschichtspolitik nach 1989, (Bielefeld: transcript Verlag, 2011)

Sadowski-Smith, Claudia, ‘Ostalgie: Revaluing the Past, Regressing into the Future’, GDR Bulletin, 25 (1998) 1-6

Saunders, Anna and Debbie Pinfold, Remembering and Rethinking the GDR: Multiple Perspectives and Plural Authenticities (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013)

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